Australian Assassins, Part 1
A Review of the Assassin Spiders (Araneae, Archaeidae) of Mid-Eastern Australia



By Michael G. Rix & Mark S. Harvey
November 2011
Pensoft Publishers
Distributed by Coronet Books Inc.
ISBN: 9789546426017
100 pages, Illustrated
$67.50 Paper original


The Assassin Spiders of the family Archaeidae are an ancient and iconic lineage of basal araneomorph spiders, characterised by a specialised araneophagic ecology and unique, ‘pelican-like’ cephalic morphology. Found throughout the rainforests, wet sclerophyll forests and mesic heathlands of south-western, south-eastern and north-eastern Australia, the genus Austrarchaea Forster & Platnick, 1984 includes a diverse assemblage of relictual, largely short-range endemic species. With recent dedicated field surveys and significant advances in our understanding of archaeid biology and ecology, numerous new species of assassin spiders have been discovered in the montane sub-tropical and warm-temperate closed forests of mid-eastern Australia, including several rare or enigmatic taxa and species of conservation concern.

This fauna is revised and 17 new species are described from south-eastern Queensland and eastern New South Wales: Austrarchaea alani sp. n.Austrarchaea aleenae sp. n.Austrarchaea binfordae sp. n.,Austrarchaea christopheri sp. n.Austrarchaea clyneae sp. n.Austrarchaea cunninghami sp. n.Austrarchaeadianneae sp. n.Austrarchaea harmsi sp. n.Austrarchaea helenae sp. n.Austrarchaea judyae sp. n.,Austrarchaea mascordi sp. n.Austrarchaea mcguiganae sp. n.Austrarchaea milledgei sp. n.Austrarchaeamonteithi sp. n.Austrarchaea platnickorum sp. n.Austrarchaea raveni sp. n. and Austrarchaea smithae sp. n.Adult specimens of the type species, Austrarchaea nodosa (Forster, 1956) are redescribed from the Lamington Plateau, south-eastern Queensland, and distinguished from the sympatric species Austrarchaea dianneae sp. n. A key to species and a molecular phylogenetic analysis of COI and COII mtDNA sequences complement the species-level taxonomy, with maps, habitat photos, natural history information and conservation assessments provided for all species.

 

ZooKeys No. 123


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