Sarcophaga of France
Faunistica No. 97
By Rene Richet, et al.
Distributed By Coronet Books
327 pages, Illustrated
Pandellé (1896) provided the first comprehensive account of the French species of Sarcophaga. Although he was the first to fully understand the diagnostic value of the male terminalia and to apply this in his work, Pandellé did not provide a single illustration. The next major contribution was by Séguy (1941), who illustrated all species and gave an outline of their distribution. As relatively little collecting had been done at the time, there were few locality records. Richet (1991) increased our knowledge of the distribution when he published maps showing departmental records for each species based mainly on his own collection and material in the MNHN. The distribution maps in the present paper (Plates 123–130) are the result of further collecting and they are based entirely on material, including museum specimens, examined and identified by the authors. A complete list of collecting records is also given.
Until now identification has depended largely on the works of Rohdendorf (1937), Séguy (1941), Mihályi (1979), Pape (1987) and Povolný and Verves (1997). Gobert’s catalogue (1887) and Pandellé’s work (1896) give us an idea of the French species known at the time but are not very useful for species identification. Rohdendorf (1937) built on the works of particularly Böttcher (1912a,b,c; 1913a,b), which clearly proved the crucial importance of the male terminalia in identification, and provided illustrations and keys for nearly every Palearctic species then known. Séguy (1941) gave figures of the male terminalia but did not use the characters of the phallus in his keys or descriptions. There have been considerable changes in both taxonomy and nomenclature since Séguy’s (1941) work, many new species have been described and the detailed structure of the phallus has become still better known, often revealing complexes of surprisingly similar species.
This work lists 93 species of Sarcophaga found in France and incorporates recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes. Detailed photographs are provided of the diagnostic structures in the male terminalia of all the species, and two separate keys are given for their identification, one for French species only, the other for European species. The structure of the female terminalia has received less attention than that of males and, with the exception of a few species, the identification of females is more difficult. In this paper, as a result largely of the rearing techniques of one of us (R. Richet), it has been possible to include photographs of the female terminalia of 84 species together with keys for their identification. Likewise, it has been possible to provide photographs of some features of the larvae (habitus of first instar, cephaloskeleton of instars 1–3 and spiracles of instars 2 and 3) of 65 species.
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