Researcher, Traveller, Narrator
Studies in Pausanias’ Periegesis
By Johanna Akujarvi
Studia Graeca et Latina Lundensia, No. 12
Almqvist & Wiksell
342 pages, 6” x 8 ¾”
$99.50 Paper Original
“When one has crossed a river called Dirce after the wife of Lycus… there are ruins of Pindar’s house and a sanctuary of Meter Dindymene… Their custom is to open the sanctuary on one single day every year. I managed to arrive on this day, and I saw the statue itself and the throne, both of Pentelic marble.’ (Periegesis IX 25.3)
Who is the ‘one’ crossing the river Dirce in Boetia? When does ‘one’ cross the river? How often? What is the relation between this ‘one’ and the ‘I’ who we also encounter in this short quotation? Answers to these and related questions are sought in the first part of this study of the second century AD literary work Periegesis Hellados (guide to, or description of, Greece) written by the otherwise unknown author Pausanias.
This part is a narratological study, particularly focused on the ‘I’, or Ego of the Periegesis, because of his prominence in the frame narrative. Part two is devoted to the study of one specific historical theme among the many and multifarious narratives embedded in the frame narrative, viz. Greeks at war. This theme falls into three sub-themes: Greeks at war against Greeks, Greeks at war against Others, and Greeks and Romans.
The aim is to re-evaluate the current notions regarding the presentation of these themes in the Periegesis. Specifically, this study argues that, according to the Periegesis, Greeks used to fight one another habitually, judgement is not passed on Greek communities which did not fight outsiders in the past, and it is doubtful whether Greek freedom would be preferable to the stability of Roman government.
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